Swift, Jonathan

(1667-1745)
   Born in Dublin-his father was a lawyer whose family had gone to Ireland after the Restoration-he attended Trinity College and from 1689 to 1699 was secretary to Sir William Temple in Surrey. After Temple's death, Swift was ordained an Anglican priest and returned to Ireland, where he served as dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin, from 1713. He suffered from what is now believed to be Ménière's syndrome-a condition of vertigo, nausea, and deafness. In the autumn of 1739 a great celebration was held in his honor. Following a stroke in 1742 he was declared incapable of caring for himself and guardians were appointed. He was buried in St. Patrick's Cathedral beside Esther Johnson, his lifelong friend. Swift was a prolific poet, and a brilliant satirist. Besides the celebrated novel Gulliver's Travels (1726), he wrote such shorter works as a Tale of a Tub (1704) and A Modest Proposal (1729). Some of his poems: "Advice to a Parson," "Advice to the Grub Street Verse-Writers," "Apollo Outwitted," "Clever Tom Clinch Going to Be Hanged," "The Author's Manner of Living," "The Description of a Salamander," "The Fable of Midas."
   Sources: Anthology of Poems on Affairs of State: Augustan Satirical Verse, 1660-1714. George de F. Lord, ed. Yale University Press, 1975. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD). Microsoft Corporation, 2006. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Complete Poems of Jonathan Swift. Pat Rogers, ed. Penguin Books, 1983. The Faber Book of 20th Century Women's Poetry. Fleur Adcock, ed. Faber and Faber, 1987. The New Oxford Book of Irish Verse. Thomas Kinsella, ed. Oxford University Press, 1986. The Oxford Book of Satirical Verse. Geoffrey Grigson, ed. Oxford University Press, 1980. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swift,Jonathan — Swift (swĭft), Jonathan. 1667 1745. Irish born English writer known for his satirical works, including Gulliver s Travels (1726) and A Modest Proposal (1729). * * * …   Universalium

  • Swift, Jonathan — Swift, Jonathan. Es ist der Triumph, wie der Probierstein der wahren Dichterkraft, daß sie aus den verschiedensten Elementen, himmlischer Goldstufen wie irdischer Schlacken, aus Thränen und Windesbrausen nur eine einzige harmonische Landschaft… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Swift, Jonathan — born Nov. 30, 1667, Dublin, Ire. died Oct. 19, 1745, Dublin Irish author, the foremost prose satirist in English. He was a student at Dublin s Trinity College during the anti Catholic Revolution of 1688 in England. Irish Catholic reaction in… …   Universalium

  • Swift, Jonathan — (1667–1745)    Satirist and Churchman.    Swift was ordained into the ministry of the Church of Ireland and he rose to become Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral in 1713. He took part in both the political and religious life of his time, but he is… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Swift, Jonathan — (1667 1745)    An Irish poet, writer, and political satirist who is probably best remembered for his book Gulliver s Travels. The description of the miniature and giant figures in this book, referred to as Lilliputians and Gulliverians, as well… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Swift, Jonathan — ► (1667 1745) Escritor británico. Representante típico de la crítica demoledora de su época. Autor de: La batalla de los libros (1704) y de los famosos Viajes de Gulliver (1726), sátira de la Inglaterra de la época y de la sociedad humana, y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Swift, Jonathan — (1667 1745)    Satirist, was b. at Dublin of English parents. Dryden was his cousin, and he also claimed kin with Herrick. He was a posthumous child, and was brought up in circumstances of extreme poverty. He was sent to school at Kilkenny, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • SWIFT, JONATHAN —    born at Dublin, a posthumous son, of well connected parents; educated at Kilkenny, where he had Congreve for companion, and at Trinity College, Dublin, where he was a somewhat riotous and a by no means studious undergraduate, only receiving… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • SWIFT, Jonathan — (1667 1745)    English ANGLICAN theologian and SOCIAL satirist famous for his novel Gulliver s Travels (1726) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Jonathan Swift — Nacimiento 30 de noviembre de 1667 Dublín Defunci …   Wikipedia Español

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